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Volkswagen Turbo Diesel Camshaft Issues!!

Models Affected:

 – Volkswagen Transporter T5 2004 – 2010 2.5 TD
 – Volkswagen Transporter T5 TDI 2004 – 2010 2.5 TD

Volkswagen Transporter 5 cylinder turbo diesels are having issues with the valve train.  Hydraulic lifters, camshafts and camshaft bearings are wearing out prematurely resulting in excessive noise from the engine.  The exact cause of he failure is still yet to be pinpointed but poor lubrication to the top end is likely to be playing a major part.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As shown in these pictures the damage can be quite severe and left unchecked will continue to damage surrounding components and engine failure will be inevitable.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

If caught early you can rectify the issue by simply replacing the camshaft, all hydraulic lifters and camshaft bearings.  However if the damage has extended to the valves then the cylinder head will need to be removed for repairs also.  Southside Cylinder Heads have SST timing kit required carry out these kind of repairs on your Volkswagen.  Give us a call anytime and we can look after you 🙂

See our online store for replacement camshaft kits

 

 

 

Camshaft Scissor / Preload Gears

The scissor gear on a camshaft is designed to reduce the free play between the camshafts and eliminate any knocking noise by ensuring constant contact is being made between two mating gears.  Basically a spring loaded gear applies constant pressure on the sister gear in order to prevent any rattle or ticking noises occurring.

Fit the service bolt before removing camshafts

The best approach when handling these types of gears is to install a service bolt through the scissor gear BEFORE removing the camshaft.  Most of the time a 15-20mm long 6x1mm bolt can be used, however some applications may vary from this size.  After you refit the camshaft, simply remove the bolt and away you go.

If the camshafts are removed without installing the service bolt, the preload on the gear will be lost and you will have to reset it before re-installing the camshaft.

 

To reset the preload on a scissor gear secure the camshaft in a vice on a section that will not damage the lobes or journals.  You will need to rotate the scissor gear against spring pressure until the service bolthole lines up with the thread.  Normally a large pair of pliers or multi grips will be sufficient to do this.  Holding the gear in place with one hand fit the service bolt all the way through the gear. The bolt only needs to hold the preloaded gear in place and does not need to be any more than finger tight.

Once you have re-fitted the camshafts onto the cylinder head remove the service bolt BEFORE rotating the camshaft, if you try to turn the engine over with the service bolt fitted it will cause significant damage to the engine.

The noise caused by an incorrectly set scissor gear can be similar to a noisy hydraulic lifter or tappet.  After a cylinder head service many people make the mistake of assuming a hydraulic lifter or tappet clearance is causing an excessive ticking or rattle, but often it is the scissor/preload gear that has not been set.